tutor | tarek zeidan
KARM EL ZEITOUN – URBAN DERIVE
The studio aims to draw attention to importance of accounting for the interrelation and interaction of major building components in the design of a mixed-use building. It recognizes that architectural design is influenced by various factors such as site conditions, structural systems, form, openings, materials, construction methods, and occupant comfort, as well as cultural, societal, and environmental context. The projects focus on site analysis, environmental considerations, constructability, and material selection from the start, using a process of observation, analysis, documentation, implementation, and representation. Given the current situation in Lebanon, the studio raises questions about the role of architecture and its impact on the environment and people’s lives. The construction industry, which consumes significant resources and energy and generates pollutants, is seen as one of the major contributors to environmental damage. Sustainable design has renewed discussions about environmental friendliness in both rural and urban settings. New concepts such as density, adaptive reuse, collective use, evolving use, and self-sufficiency are transforming buildings into social infrastructure. However, the aesthetic implications of environmental and resource conservation must also be addressed, as architecture in the public sphere still focuses on objects. The future of architecture should prioritize sobriety, low-tech solutions, resource conservation, rehabilitation, and transformation, prioritizing architectural tectonics and building technology systems that enhance genuine architectural experiences.